Schumann Agreement

by admin on April 11, 2021

The Social Democrats` initiative to eradicate communism in the Ruhr region coincided with a French diplomatic offensive to control the industrial development of the Ruhr. The 1948 Allied Agreements promised the French government an International Authority for ruhr (IAR) in exchange for French approval of the creation of a West German state. This agreement has received considerable support from the SPD`s federal steering committee. However, the footnote 67 Henssler called the AIC a “colonial status” that would ensure the French coal industry cheap while burdening the German industry with production and extraction quotas. Footnote 68 Given the coal prices authorized by the Allies, more than seventy per cent of the Ruhr`s coal mines were without loss of points and there appeared little prospect of higher wages for miners under international leadership, which was devoted to guaranteeing low prices for coal exports. In addition, the French surveillance of the Ruhr industry brought back terrible memories of the political and social damage caused between the war by the occupation of the Ruhr. The ministers of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, the SPD and the SPD, took advantage of their powerful positions to push the State Party to oppose the IAR. It was his influence, largely neglected so far in literature, that established the national party`s uncompromising line on the French proposals for the Ruhr. In particular, Henssler, who gave a speech in Dortmund in 1948 in Figure 3, was responsible for a hardening of the SPD`s attitude the following year.

Footnote 69 Such proposals threatened to undermine the progress made by the Social Democrats against the Communists in the region. In an article entitled “The Ruhr Statute and The Peace Settlement” of March 1949, Schumacher explicitly linked the SPD`s position to its competition against the Ruhr Communists: “The Communists see this as a chance for their policies. And they say, “The Ruhr must remain German!” Footnote 70 Recent historical studies have pursued a skeptical view of the history of European integration, questioned its historical singularity, highlighted the institutional continuity of the ECSC with the cartels of the interwar period in heavy industry and opened personal continuity with fascist and collaborative administrations. Footnote 5 This article will contribute to this type of critical reading of the history of European integration by reversing the approach that scientists usually take to study European integration. Instead of refocusing on the impact of European integration on industries, workers or regions, this article will reflect on the impact of labour policy in industrial regions on the social democratic reactions of France and Germany to the Schuman plan. The French Socialist Party (French Section of The International Works – SFIO) committed to the plan in 1950-1951, while the SPD opposed it, a disagreement that undermined transnational efforts to rebuild socialist internationalism through cooperation between the parties in the context of post-war European reconstruction. Footnote 6 This article challenges the existing literature on the Schuman plan, which contrasts SPD nationalism with SFIO`s internationalism, by examining how the internal dynamics of the company, regional policy and the objectives of economic reconstruction have intersected in different ways in France and Germany. It bases its claims on the archival work in the national archives and party archives in France and Germany, on the complex historiography of the Schuman plan, on the regional history of the Ruhr, on the departments of the North and Pas-de-Calais and on their local socialist chapters, as well as on historical and sociological studies of miners and industry workers. , a combination of sources that, until now, has hardly been used in the history of European integration.

For Monnet, this was too much and he immediately addressed the French government by declaring that granting special status to the British would pose a direct threat to the supranational dimension of the coal and steel basin from the outset, such as the

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